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Is Bullying a Major Risk Factor for Suicide?

Posted in Uncategorized
on April 24, 2018

As a young-adult in today’s society, I have seen many forms of bullying, have lost friends to suicide, and have suffered from bullying myself. I have seen bullying occur in schools, in the workplace, during sports-related events, and in many other places. The effects of bullying are not only long term, but are also one of the top leading causes of suicide. Bullying many times leads to depression, anxiety, disorders, etc. which are major risk factors that lead to the thoughts and acts suicide. Bullying and suicide go hand in hand as the bully and the one being bullied are both affected by the actions present. Even though many other things also are risk factors for suicide, there is a strong connection between suicide and bullying because depression is an extreme risk for suicide, those who are bullied or are the bully are more likely to suffer from anxiety, depression, and even suicidal thoughts or attempts, and bullying has lasting effects in which affect the individuals each and every day. Bullying is a major risk factor for suicide due to the long-term effects of the actions of others as well as the result of anxiety, depression, and many other emotional deficits causing suicidal thoughts and attempts.

The effects of bullying and suicide have proven that there is a strong connection due to the fact that depression is an extreme risk for suicide and is diagnosed as a result of bullying. “Bully victims are between 2 to 9 times more likely to consider suicide than non-victims, according to studies by Yale University” (Bullying Statistics). The side effects that result from bullying have had an enormous impact on individuals who suffer each and every day causing an increase or a beginning to suicidal thoughts. On an average day to day basis, individual’s self-esteem is in the normal range but as chronic bullying occurs, self-esteem and the thought process tend to take a toll on the individual causing thoughts to begin. Suicide has increased throughout the years as bullying has increased due to the correlation. “Suicide is the third leading cause of death among young people, resulting in about 4,400 deaths per year, according to the CDC. For ever suicide among young people, there are at least 100 suicide attempts. Over 14 percent of high school students have considered suicide, and almost 7 percent have attempted it” (Bullying Statistics). The connection between suicide and bullying displays that bullying is a major risk factor for suicide due to the effects such as depression and anxiety as well as other effects.

As a victim of bullying, the constant name-calling, cyberbullying, physical abuse, and much more causes a drastic decrease in one’s emotion and social aspects of life. As a result, depression and anxiety causes individuals to produce suicidal thoughts and to possibly even attempt it. Many people believe that bullying causes suicide. However, the effects in which bullying causes is really what causes suicidal actions. “Negative outcomes of bullying may include: depression, anxiety, involvement in interpersonal violence or sexual violence, substance abuse, poor social functioning, and poor school performance, including lower grade point averages, standardized test scores, and poor attendance” (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control). Individuals are not only directly affected but are also indirectly affected and are suffering in extra-curricular activities and education. As a middle school student, I suffered from cyber bullying, name calling, physical abuse, people pulling chairs out from underneath me, and much more. During my personal instances, my grades and extracurricular activities were being affected due to my change in emotion and my social aspect of life. I became depressed and had anxiety and was nervous to go to school. Therefore, I was directly and indirectly affected and I still suffer with the effects to this day.

Bullying is a much bigger issue than many think due to the fact that bullying has long-lasting effects in which cause long-lasting depression and anxiety. In today’s society, many people are being treated for the symptoms of depression and anxiety. “Still, the findings add to the body of evidence already linking bullying and peer victimization to future mental health problems, said Dieter Wolke, a psychology researcher at the University of Warwick in the UK who wasn’t involved in the study” (Rapaport). The study produced by the University of Warwick allowed for others to see the long-lasting effects in which could cause further emotional and mental issues. As a victim of bullying, an individual tends to feel as though they are inferior to others which in turn causes further mental issues as well. “One of the most painful feelings is to be socially rejected, ridiculed, beaten, and embarrassed by other classmates… If this continues chronically, it not only increases anxiety of social contacts, it leads to defeat and internalization that one is useless, worthless, incapable, not worth loving” (Rapaport). The symptoms of depression include the feeling of usefulness and incapable; however, these symptoms are causing by bullying and lead to the suicidal thoughts I talk about today.

While many other effects are also risk factors for suicide, there is a strong connection between suicide and bullying. “The bottom-line of the most current research findings is that being involved in bullying in any way as a person who bullies, a person who is bullied, or a person who both bullies and is bullied, is ONE of several important risk factors that appears to increase the risk of suicide among youth” (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control). Bullying and suicide have a positive correlation; as bullying increases, suicide increases. Therefore, bullying is a risk factor for suicide and causes effects in which cause a decrease in one’s emotional and social aspects of life that are long-lasting and produces suicidal thoughts and actions. Even though people bypass bullying, people need to understand the bullying is a leading risk factor that leads to suicide in young-adults as well as children and adults in today’s society.

 

 

Bibliography

Bullying Statistics. Bullying and Suicide. n.d. 17 April 2018. <http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/bullying-and-suicide.html>.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. The Relationship Between Bullying and Suicide. n.d. 17 April 2018. <https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullying-suicide-translation-final-a.pdf>.

Rapaport, Lisa. Childhood bullying linked to suicide risk for teens. n.d. 17 April 2018. <https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-teens-bullying-suicide/childhood-bullying-linked-to-suicide-risk-for-teens-idUSKBN1F52TD>.

 

 

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Student Bullying in the Education System

Posted in Uncategorized
on March 21, 2018

As a teenage student in the twenty first century, I have experienced the bullying of students first-hand. The bullying of students is a common issue throughout school systems around the world. Growing up in the school system of Georgia has allowed me to fully understand the severity of the issue. School systems have been saying that they are doing all that they can do to prevent the bullying of students. However, I have witnessed that bullying continues to occur in school systems. “70.6% of young people say they have seen bullying in their schools”  (Stop Bullying). Student bullying is a bigger issue than many people think and school systems should provide further implementation for those affected by bullying.

Bullying in today’s society is in two different forms: indirect and direct. Although, there are multiple categories of bullying that are very common. Student’s typically bully others by cyberbullying, physical abuse, verbal abuse, and even by damaging other’s properties. Many times, bullying is not only one student being bullied by one student, but involves interaction of a group of students bullying one student as the group of students “gang up” on one student. “Bullying has two key components: repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power. It involves repeated physical, verbal, or psychological attacks or intimidation directed against a victim who cannot properly defend him-or herself because of size or strength, or because the victim is outnumbered or less psychologically resilient” (Sampson). As the bullying begins, it begins to become more consistent as it occurs every day. Bullying plays an enormous role on students and affects their emotions, security, grades, and much more. Bullies tend to spread rumors, trip students, name-calling, sexual harassment, hazing, and other variations that hurt the emotions and/or physical being of a student. Bullying happens not only in your area, but happens widespread as well and causes long-term effects to those being bullied. Bullying doesn’t just go through one ear and out the other, it resounds over and over and continues to get worse as the bullying continues.

In most cases of bullying in school systems, victims of bullying do not inform anyone of the instances. Students feel as though, they cannot trust the teachers or super intendants, or feel as though that if they inform someone it will only make the issue worse. Victims generally don’t tell due to not wanting to worry anyone, not wanting to be considered a snitch, or the thought that someone will not believe them. Students who attend public or private schools around the world have been told, “If you see bullying, tell someone.” However, witnesses do not generally tell someone, because they feel as though they will become the next victim. Bullying most often in places where teachers or adult supervision is not present. Areas of the school where bullying occurs most often is: bathrooms, playgrounds, car-rider lines, online, and even in the cafeteria. Most students enrolled in the school system have at some point been bullied in their school career, but those who are bullied daily have been affected severely.

As a student in the twenty first century school systems, I have been bullied and have seen bullying occur around me. As a fourth grader in elementary school, a girl who I thought was my friend would invite me over to her house for her birthday party. However, once I arrived I had realized I was the only one invited so I felt special, but her intentions were to have me alone just so she could bully me by calling me names, ordering me around, and pushing me without anyone else noticing. As time went on I had thought the bullying would stop, but it only got worse. As a sixth grader in middle school, my so-called girl best friend eventually found a friend who would help her “gang up” on me. They would steal my lunches in the cafeteria and make me watch them as they ate my food, they would pull chairs out from under me as I would sit down so they could steal my seat in order to sit next to each other, and they called me names in which I will not repeat. I was one of the chronic victims of bullying throughout my school career. As the end of my middle school career came to an end, people would take my books and pens and throw them down the hallway for others to see, would push me around near the lockers, and much more. I thought the bullying would never stop, and I even had told a super intendant and my parents; however, it only got worse. When high school came around, I applied to a city school in order to not have to go to my districted school. As summer ended, I began to get excited because I thought I could have a fresh start. Although, in high school I was unable to make friends. As a freshman at a new school, students already had their friend groups and would group together to pick on the new students. I tried to make friends, and I have made a few; but, others would gossip and spread rumors about me around the school in which were not true.

Over my entire school career, I have struggled with being bullied and making friends. However, it has taught me how much of an issue bullying is today. Bullying is something that affects student’s mental happiness not only for the moment, but for their life. The bullying of students causes mental breakdown as well as the lowering of self-esteem. In order for bullying to be resolved, super intendants, policed officers, or even teachers should be placed into areas where there is generally not a lot of supervision in order to comfort the victims of bullying. Students should also stand up for the instances of bullying that they see in order to help those who need it. If someone stood up for me I would’ve been beyond appreciated and I would be a different person today. Bullying needs to be stopped and it can be by telling others.

 

Bibliography

Sampson, Rana. Bullying in Schools. n.d. 20 March 2018. <http://www.popcenter.org/problems/bullying/>.

Stop Bullying. Facts About Bullying. n.d. 19 March 2018. <https://www.stopbullying.gov/media/facts/index.html>.

 

 

 

 

 

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Take a Seat

Posted in Uncategorized
on February 13, 2018

For centuries capital punishment has been around; however, it now only exists in forms of lethal injection and execution. In past times, public punishments were another form of punishment, but no longer are used. The death penalty began in seven hundred B.C. and is now a common form of punishment for those who have committed severe crimes such as: murder, rape, etc. The grieving families of victims are able to receive relief from the death penalty of those who committed acts of a crime. People say that prisoners do not deserve to die; however, as a citizen of the United States criminals that perform heinous acts should be put to death rather than allowed to live their life in a jail cell. The decision comes down to whether or not lethal injection or execution is the way to perform capital punishment.

Lethal injection has been around for forty-one years. In nineteen seventy seven, Oklahoma was the first state to perform lethal injection. Although, thirty six states now have adopted lethal injection as the primary form of execution. From 1977 to 2009, eighty six percent of people have been executed by lethal injection in the United States. Lethal injection is made up of a combination of three drugs to perform an overdose. The three drugs included in the mixture are sodium thiopental,  pancuronium bromide, and potassium chloride. Sodium thiopental cause an unconscious state to begin the process. Pancuronium bromide then paralyzes the body while disabling the breathing. To end the process, potassium chloride is used to interfere with the contractions of the heart and causes the criminal to go into cardiac arrest. Lethal injection is a process in which is not painful for the prisoner.

Compared to lethal injection, the electric chair is a more severe punishment. Although, the difference in time of death takes a big part in the decision process. The time of death produced by an electric chair can take anywhere from two to fifteen minutes, whereas a lethal injection will take from five minutes up to two hours causing a slow death. The process of the electric chair could include the tying down of a prisoner, shaving, as well as possibility of the body catching fire. From nineteen seventy-seven to two thousand nine, thirteen percent of people receiving a capital punishment were put to death by the electric chair. Schindler writes, “[In] 1889, William Kemmler… was sentenced to die… in Auburn Prison’s electric chair, the first in the country. It took eight agonizing minutes to kill him but it did the job, and electrocution soon became the most widely used method of legal execution in the United States.” Once the electric chair was introduced, twenty-six states had changed their form of punishment from a public hanging to the electric chair. However, in today’s system, nine states provide the electric chair as the sole method of punishment due to the severity of the crime.

The death penalty was put into place, because of crime rates. However, many states that have imposed the death penalty are citing that their crime rates have lowered. Once the death penalty is put into place, criminals think twice about the crimes they are about to act on due to the consequences. The death penalty is used as a punishment and a life lesson to those who commit crimes. “It also cited capital punishment’s effectiveness as a crime deterrent and appropriate punishment for the very worst of criminal offenders“. Once the death penalty is decided, prisoners then begin to think about their decisions before they go. Those who commit horrendous crimes such as murder and rape deserve to be treated the way they treat others. Those that have committed heinous crimes need to be put down, and it should be painful. The prisoners receiving the death penalty are receiving it, because they deserve it. Therefore, the electric chair should be the sole form of execution for the prisoners to get what they deserve.

In the United States, many have opposed the death penalty, because they state it is a way of racism. However, in all forms of executions from nineteen seventy-seven to two thousand nine, more Caucasians are put to death than African Americans. “Opponents also argue that capital punishment is an example of institutionalized racism.” Racism is a very serious topic; although, people in today’s societies are using racism as an excuse to blame others. Prisoners who have done wrong deserve to be put down due to their crimes, not their race. Race had nothing to do with the decision to kill someone, only facts do.

People believe that if someone is convicted of committing a crime, they receive the best punishment in a prison cell for life. However, your worst day in prison is always going to be better than taking your last breath in an electric chair. The death penalty allows for others to feel as though the criminal gets what they deserve. Troy Davis states, “Whether you believe in an afterlife or not, the death penalty is the greatest equalizer for justice for society’s greatest monsters. If you believe this world is all there is, that when you die you’re done, then a bad day in prison is better than not existing at all.” Those that lost their loved ones because of a prisoner will receive justice and closure.

The electric chair and a lethal injection are the most popular forms of execution. Those that are wanting relief are not going to get the relief they are wanting by a lethal injection which does not cause any form of pain. Prisoners that have murdered, raped, and even abused victims don’t deserve to take their last breath easily. They need to suffer just like the victims they left behind. The electric chair is a form in which will allow family members of victims to perform the steps of grievance and closure as well as for criminals to pay the price of their crimes.

Works Cited: 

Death Penalty | Encyclopedia of Law and Society – Credo Reference, search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sagels/death_penalty/0.

“Forms of Execution in the United States, 1977 – 2009 – Death Penalty – ProCon.org.” Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?, “Death Penalty ProCon.org.” Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?, deathpenalty.procon.org/.

“Capital Punishment: Should Capital Punishment Be Allowed in the United States?” Issues & Controversies, Infobase Learning, 1 Feb. 2016, http://icof.infobaselearning.com.proxygsu-gwin.galileo.usg.edu/recordurl.aspx?ID=1608. Accessed 11 Feb. 2018.

 

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